Employment: increase in conventional layoffs in 2021
The year 2021 marks a new record for conventional termination. About 454,000 of them were admitted to the private sector in metropolitan France in 2021, announced Tuesday, August 2, the Directorate of Animation for Research, Studies and Statistics (Dares) of the Ministry of Labour. This represents an increase of 6.1% compared to 2020 and more than 2.3% compared to 2019 before the Covid-19 health crisis. Most occupations and age groups are affected.
Created in 2008, this device, designed as a third way between termination and dismissal, offers a private employee the opportunity to end their CDI in mutual agreement with their employer. In contrast to dismissal, the conventional breach opens up the right to unemployment benefit in addition to a severance payment that is at least equal to the statutory severance payment. Having grown steadily since it was founded, they withdrew in 2020, in particular due to the use of partial activities and economic uncertainties.
Can this increase be related to the movement? “Big Spin” Employees retraining or changing employers since the Covid pandemic? If the increase in layoffs is not as spectacular as that in layoffs (470,000 French gave up their permanent contracts in the first quarter of 2022, ie 20% more than at the end of 2019), one hypothesis is plausible.
workers and employees
“The fact that this is accompanied by a very significant increase in resignations suggests that the increase in conventional resignations is largely related to situations where it is the employee who wants to leaveobserves Bertrand Martinot, economist specializing in the labor market at the Institut Montaigne, who remains cautious. It’s a proven move, but it’s not massive and it’s because the job market is particularly dynamic. »
Because of their growing number, these signatories account for a significant proportion of admissions to the Pôle Emploi
In 2021, the jump can be observed in particular among manual workers (+ 7.6%) and white-collar workers (+ 7.7%) as well as in construction (+ 16%) or in transport and storage (+ 13.6%). Contract terminations primarily affect employees with a short period of service – their departure therefore does not represent a high level of compensation for the company. These are either young people with an average age of 30 or employees at the end of their careers.
These signatories, with their increasing number, represent a non-negligible proportion of Pôle Emploi registrations, but here too the economic situation seems to be working in their favour. “Fractures replace resignations because they allow you to get unemployment insurance and have security, but the numbers show that people are not escaping into inactivity or unemployment, they are changing many activities or employers”specifies Bertrand Martinot.
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